The basic principle of the law of the lever

and - possibly - the concept of center of gravity

were established on a mathematical basis

by scholars earlier than Archimedes.

## What did Archimedes do?

Archimedes proved
the law of the lever, starting with these three assumptions.

Assumption 1. Equal weights at equal
distances from the fulcrum balance. Equal weights at unequal distance from
the fulcrum do not balance, but the weight at the greater distance will tilt its
end of the lever down.

Assumption 2. If, when two weights balance,
we add something to one of the weights, they no longer balance. The side
holding the weight we increased goes down.

Assumption 3. If, when two weights balance,
we take something away from one, they no longer balance. The side
holding the weight we did not change does down.

## How would you use these to prove the
law of the lever?

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